In March 1965, thousands of civil rights supporters, led by the Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., marched from Selma, Ala., to the Capitol in Montgomery in support of voting rights for African-Americans.
This week, 47 years later, civil rights activists calling for an end to harsh anti-immigrant laws retraced that route in a powerful show of solidarity between African-Americans and Latinos.
Alabama, the seat of the civil rights movement, became the focus of the immigration debate after state legislators passed the harshest anti-immigrant law in the country last year.
By Thursday afternoon, more than a thousand people were walking along U.S. Hwy. 80, each group in bright T-shirts, singing, chanting and sharing their stories. Buses arrived throughout the day, bringing more supporters from Chicago, New York, Los Angeles, Georgia, Maryland and Tennessee. In addition to their support of immigrant rights, the marchers carried signs advocating workers rights, voting rights, and the right to quality education and child care.
More than a thousand civil rights supporters from around the country marched from Selma, Ala., to Montgomery following in the footsteps of Martin Luther King, Jr., and others, 47 years later. (Photo courtesy of the Florida Immigrant Coalition)
Teumbay Barnes posed with Rev. Jesse Jackson at the mass meeting in St. Jude Thursday night during the march from Selma, Ala., to Montgomery. (Photo courtesy of FOCAL)
Representatives from the Florida Immigrant Coalition and One Miami, were among the crowd marching the historic civil rights route with bright t-shirts, carrying signs and banners. (Photo courtesy of the Florida Immigrant Coalition)
The march was a powerful show of solidarity between African-Americans and Latinos. Awareness was raised immigrant issues, but also for child care, education and voting rights. (Photo courtesy of FOCAL)
Sophia Bracy Harris, left end of the banner in the white jacket, executive director of the Federation of Child Care Centers in Alabama (FOCAL) and a longtime civil rights leader.
Maria Bilbao, left, from Florida, and Julio Calderon (behind her), from Students Working for Equal Rights marching on the road to Montgomery. (Photo by Kathy Bird, Florida Immigrant Coalition)
Mary Dailey, left, with the Center for Community Change, chats with Sophia Bracy Harris, executive director of FOCAL, during the march in Alabama on Thursday. (Photo courtesy of FOCAL)
Marchers gathered at St. Jude Thursday night for a mass meeting. It was the same place marchers stopped 47 years ago. (Photo courtesy of FOCAL)
Support for immigrant rights was a unifying theme of the march, but awareness was also raised for worker rights, voting rights, child care, education at the mass meeting in the St. Jude gymnasium. (Photo courtesy of FOCAL)
Sophia Bracy Harris, left, from FOCAL hosted the mass meeting at St. Jude with Mayra Rangel, with the Alabama Coalition for Immigrant Justice (Photo courtesy of FOCAL)
Many marchers stopped overnight in St. Jude, on the outskirts of Montgomery, for a mass meeting, just as the first marchers did nearly a half-century ago. They were joined by a few of the original participants and longtime civil rights leaders, including the Rev. Jesse Jackson.
Co-hosts for the event were Sophia Bracy Harris, executive director of the Federation of Child Care Centers of Alabama, and Mayra Rangel, with the Alabama Coalition for Immigrant Justice.
Bracy Harris has fought for justice her entire life. She was one of the first students to integrate her Alabama high school. Her family’s home was firebombed as a result.
“To have a child advocate and an immigrant advocate—one a young female Latina organizer and the other a seasoned female African-American organizer—serve as mistresses of ceremonies at a rally of hundreds is a pretty powerful indication of how far we have come in the collaboration of brown and black and the role of female leaders as champions for justice,” said Bracy Harris.
“The march and events of this past week created opportunities for young people to define the fight for their futures. The many issues facing young people—immigration rights, children’s issues, voting rights, education, health care, the cradle to prison pipeline—are all interconnected and together they create the big picture of the overall fight for us all, and particularly for our children and their children,” she said.
Juan Rodriguez, an organizer with the Florida Immigrant Coalition and One Miami, traveled by bus with 40 others from Miami to join the march and show solidarity.
“Our delegation is an extremely diverse mix of races, languages ethnicities and ages,” said Rodriguez, noting that they are easily recognized in their orange T-shirts emblazoned with “We are Florida,” a picture of the sun, and “Let it shine on Alabama.”
“We want to share our love and support for our brothers and sisters here,” said Rodriguez. “I am an immigrant from Colombia; my parents made huge sacrifices to give me a chance. The majority of my family was denied political asylum. I lost a lot of people. I don’t want others to feel that pain.”
Lawrence Benito, chief executive for the Illinois Coalition for Immigrant and Refugee Rights, walked the route with members of his organization.
“We came to support worker rights, voter rights and immigrant rights,” said Benito. “Walking along this historic route, we definitely feel like we are standing on the shoulders of giants. We have learned much from the earlier struggle.”
Benito said the Illinois coalition is staying an extra day in Alabama to meet with African-American leaders to build relationships and develop a shared agenda for moving forward.
When Alabama legislators passed the tough anti-immigrant law last year, it struck close to the heart of many African-Americans, who remember all too clearly the injustices and their struggle for civil rights.
When the legislation was signed into law by Gov. Robert Bentley last June, many of Alabama’s leading African-American organizations and churches stood up and promised to fight again.
The anti-immigrant law created a wave of fear and panic across the state. Some Latino families left their homes, moving to other states. Many parents pulled their children out of school. Conventions were cancelled amid concerns participants would be profiled and hassled. Japanese and German executives at Alabama’s Honda and Mercedes car plants were arrested under the new law – worrying some that major employers would leave the state.
Several state legislatures in the last two years have passed or tried to pass anti-immigrant legislation. Arizona was the first, but Alabama’s law, adopted last year, is the most extreme. Opponents of the law are making progress in overturning some elements of the legislation.
Thursday, the 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals temporarily blocked a section that says courts cannot enforce contracts involving undocumented immigrants and another that makes it a felony for an undocumented immigrant to do business with the state, according to Associated Press reports.
Despite the critical issues, the atmosphere as people marched to the Capitol was hopeful. Participants took pictures, tweeted updates to supporters back home, and shared their backgrounds and experiences with each other.
“It’s been very positive,” said Tania Lang Burger, a communications coordinator who works with Bracy Harris. “There are lots of conversations and wonderful exchanges with people all along the route. The police are there, but they have been only helpful. People drive by and honk and wave.”
2012 Copyright Equal Voice News